If you avoid turning on your old air conditioner because you are afraid of high energy costs, you may want to consider replacing your unit with a new, energy-efficient model. Or if you are one of the lucky homeowners who lives in a charming older home, your house might not have a central air system at all. In either case, you need to have a central cooling system installed in your household because summers in some parts of the country could be unbearable without the comfort of a cooling system.
Selecting the right air conditioner, however, can be a daunting task, especially if you are not familiar with the terminology used to describe the various types of units. Words like tonnage, SEER, BTUs, and a list of other commonly used words can sound like gibberish. Without any knowledge of A/C units, how do you choose between a 13 SEER and a 16 SEER model? Or a split system and a packaged unit? The bad news is that choosing an appropriate A/C system is confusing if you’re doing it on your own. The good news is that if you hire a qualified contractor, your technician will give you precise system recommendations based on a very thorough evaluation of your home.
Gone are the days when simply knowing your home’s square footage determined the appropriate cooling system. If the contractor you are talking with recommends a unit solely based on your home’s square footage, then you’ll want to take that as a red flag and choose another contractor.
A skilled contractor will inspect your entire home and evaluate your cooling needs based on the procedures and calculations set forth by the ACCA (Air Conditioning Contractors of America). The ACCA publishes explicit guidelines contractors use to guide them through the evaluation process of any home. When it comes to cooling your house, a number of features affect the type of unit you need. Factors such as number and size of windows, number of bedrooms, number of occupants, your home’s orientation in relation to the sun, local weather, insulation, types of floors, exterior finish, and a long list of other factors. This is a rather comprehensive process, and the reason for this is to guarantee that you get the most energy-efficient system that will ultimately save you money.
If you buy a unit that is too small for your home, it will not be able to generate enough cool air to fill your entire house. You’ll have spaces that are cool and spaces that are warm. On the other hand, a central air conditioner that is too large will turn on and off too frequently. This excessive on/off cycle will cause the system to work harder, and this will ultimately lead to a premature system failure. Because an oversized air conditioner is more powerful, it will reach the desired temperature much faster than an adequately-sized system, so it will also turn off quicker. This sounds good in theory, but it is important to note that part of the air conditioning process involves removing moisture from the air. If your oversized unit cools in less time, it also has less time to remove moisture, leaving your home feeling humid. You will be inclined to lower the temperature on the thermostat in a humid home, and lower temperatures means higher utility bills. Besides being bad for your wallet, a space with high humidity is also an ideal environment for mold growth.
Needless to say, when it comes to central A/C systems, bigger is not better. An oversized system will waste more energy, and it will leave you feeling cold and clammy. So it is always best to get the right size.
For help finding an appropriately-sized unit, search our contractor listings, or call us at 866-97-ACPRO.